Each academic discipline uses a different citation style because each has a different priority for information. Because of these different priorities, the information within a citation will be in a different order, and sometimes in a different format (i.e. foot or end note v. a parenthetical in-text citation) depending on the formatting style.
Citations should be formatted as a "hanging indent", which means that all lines are indented except the first. It looks like this:
Author(s). “Title of Article.” Name of Periodical, vol. ##, no. ##, date published, pp. ##-##. Database Name, DOI.
Below are links to instructions on how to create a hanging indent in Microsoft Word and Google Docs
What are the differences?
|Who usually uses it:||Social Sciences, Nursing & Health, miscellaneous other departments.||History, Art, Philosophy, and anyone who is going to use a lot of different types of outside information.||English and other languages (it stands for Modern Language Association)|
|What they pride themselves on:||Thoroughness, avoiding bias (one way they do this is by avoiding first names).||Flexibility (you can cite almost any kind of source in Chicago)||Simplicity (they try not to make you include any more information than is necessary|
|What is important:||Date and authority||Ease of reading and authority||Authority|
|What you need to know for in-text & other formatting:||Always include a date with the author(s); Running heads can be a little tricky (especially in Google Docs); the list at the end is called References||Notes are not very different from bibliography entries (once you have made one, creating the other is simple); the list at the end is called Bibliography||The list at the end is called Works Cited|
|I'm ready to choose:||APA Citation Style||Chicago Citation Style||MLA Citation Style|